Thursday, April 10, 2014

Religion and State in Israel - April 10, 2014

Editor – Joel Katz  
Religion and State in Israel is not affiliated with any organization or movement. 


CONVERSION 

The religious-Zionist Jewish Home party, a member of the current government coalition, supported recent legislation to draft Haredim, or ultra-Orthodox Jews, for the first time; approved a liberalizing overhaul of marriage procedures, and created a modest dedicated space at the Western Wall for non-Orthodox prayer.  

Yet the same party backing these religious reforms — the most progressive passed by any recent Israeli government — appears to have sabotaged a bill to help would-be converts. 

... The influential rabbi Shlomo Aviner, head of Jerusalem’s Ateret Cohanim yeshiva, told the Forward that conversion is just too important to be entrusted to local rabbis.

“Each rabbi decides things for his community, but with conversion, you are making decisions for the whole Jewish nation,” he said. “The rabbinate for this is the Chief Rabbinate, and only it should decide.”  
  
By Elli Fischer  

Fear of intermarriage and assimilation is baseless. The inability of Israelis of no religion to wed in Israel can be solved simply by instituting a civil option. That leaves only the problematic bureaucracy of the present conversion system. It is possible that the presence of a civil marriage option would actually improve service, as prospective converts would no longer be suspected of converting solely so that they could get married.  

There is no need to take that chance, though. Once a civil option is instituted alongside the existing Chief Rabbinate track for marriage, the state can completely deregulate the conversion system. Rabbis and laymen from any denomination will be able to convene conversion panels at their whim, and the state will have no need or reason to authorize or reject any conversion. ...  

By Rabbi Marc Angel and Rabbi Avi Weiss  

When a convert or their children or grandchildren make aliyah, he or she needs Jewish status validated. Because of the centralization of the GPS standards, the Chief Rabbinate's office now turns to the Beth Din of America for guidance.

The upshot of this is that conversions performed by RCA rabbis who served in non-mehitza shuls for years — some who even went on to become presidents of the RCA — are now in question.  


The High Court of Justice will hear an appeal Thursday against a decision by the state to deport 13 African-American Jews from Israel on the grounds that their conversion was bogus.  

The appeal was submitted a year ago by the Israel Religious Action Center, an organization affiliated with the Reform movement and that advocates on behalf of religious pluralism in the country.  

The 13 African Americans, originally from Kansas City, Missouri, are all members of one extended family.   
   


KOTEL/WESTERN WALL/WOMEN OF THE WALL 

It was a year ago this week that Jewish Agency chairman Natan Sharansky unveiled his grand plan for a new “egalitarian” prayer space at the Western Wall.   

... The anniversary provides a good opportunity to look at some of the dramatic developments of the past year. Pushing and pulling in different directions, with varying degrees of success, these were some of the key players who influenced, or at least tried to influence, the course of events at the Wall.  

... Anat Hoffman did another about-face – this time after being warned that if she didn’t sit down at the negotiating table with Mendelblit, the consequences could be quite severe.

Specifically, she was told that if no agreement were reached, the government would likely decide to draft new regulations outlawing certain practices at the Western Wall by women, such as wearing prayer shawls and phylacteries. Then, whatever hard-earned gains had been made in their struggle would be completely lost.  



AGUNOT/MARRIAGE/CIVIL UNIONS 

Lapid also campaigned on establishing civil unions in Israel, a measure that would have broken the Orthodox Chief Rabbinate’s control of Jewish marriage. Yesh Atid introduced a bill to create civil unions in October, but it is opposed by Jewish Home, a religious Zionist party that entered the coalition in alliance with Yesh Atid.  

Lapid sounded confident that he could get a civil unions bill past Jewish Home, possibly with support from left-wing parties. But though he vowed to continue to push the issue, he would not say if Yesh Atid would leave the coalition if the bill fails.  



HAREDI SOCIETY  
By Rabbi Shmully Hecht  

I was so shocked by the venom he was espousing in front of his wife and 16 year old son that I felt like stopping the conversation right there just to avoid embarrassing him. This verbal assault on the majority of Jews alive and the Jews who I consider my dearest constituents was not going to pass without a fatal blow.  One, of course, I would have to deliver with love.  
  
By Rabbi Sholom Gold  

The Hamodia article quoted a rav who said, "The most difficult golus to endure is a golus suffered from other Jews and therefore we plead for a final redemption from this terrible golus." I experienced a great deal of personal anguish just writing that sentence.

First of all, it's absolutely false. We are not in Czarist Russia, Inquisitionist Spain, Crusader-ravished Rhineland, Cossack-scorched Poland, nor fascist Nazi Germany, nor assimilation-ridden America. Klal Yisrael in Eretz Yisrael is experiencing the most magnificent era in 2,000 years.  


ALIYAH/ISRAEL-DIASPORA RELATIONS 

  
    
  


PASSOVER  


  
  

  
    
    


IDF HAREDI DRAFT  

Lapid said that overall, he is happy with how the past year has gone for his party. He dismissed criticism that Yesh Atid’s signature achievement, a bill mandating that the haredi Orthodox perform military service, is too weak. The bill defers criminal sanctions for haredi draft dodgers for three years, but Lapid said a stricter law would have been unrealistic.  

“If we would just send draft [notices] to any young 18-year-old haredim, we’ll be the winners of some game, but nothing would have happened,” Lapid said. “The way we’ve been doing this, it will actually happen.”  


RABBINATE 

Lapid said all Jewish denominations should have equal standing in Israel, which he said would strengthen Israel’s relationship with American Jews. He also called for ending the Chief Rabbinate’s monopoly over Jewish marriage and conversion, and for an end to all forms of religious coercion.  

But he stopped short of calling for the abolition of the Chief Rabbinate or for a complete separation of religion and state, which he said would hurt the country’s Jewish character.  

“I don’t think the American model of total separation of religion and state is feasible in Israel because it was established as a Jewish state,”Lapid said. “I don’t want to give up this identity.  

“I would favor having parallel institutions to the Rabbinate. If someone wants to get married in the rabbinate, he can. If someone wants to get married at City Hall, he should be able to do so as well.”  
   
    
  
  
  
    



BEIT SHEMESH MUNICIPAL ELECTIONS  


TEMPLE MOUNT  
By Shoshanna Keats Jaskoll   


CHRISTIAN COMMUNITY 
  
    


EDUCATION  
By David M. Weinberg 

     


CHABAD  


RELIGION AND SOCIETY 

   
  
  
   
By Rabbi Shalom Hammer 
  
   
  
  


SHAS  


Editor – Joel Katz  
Religion and State in Israel is not affiliated with any organization or movement. 
All rights reserved. 

Thursday, April 3, 2014

Religion and State in Israel - April 3, 2014

Editor – Joel Katz
Religion and State in Israel is not affiliated with any organization or movement.


RABBINATE/RELIGIOUS COUNCILS

On Monday, Deputy Minister for Religious Services Rabbi Eli Ben-Dahan participated in the monthly meeting of the Council of the Chief Rabbinate and re-emphasized the importance of the [Tzohar Law] and its implementation.

However, according to reports in the haredi media, Sephardi Chief Rabbi Yitzhak Yosef expressed his ongoing opposition to the law, calling it “a serious blow to the world of the rabbinate.”

The chief municipal rabbi of Beersheva, Rabbi Yehuda Deri who is a member of the Council and brother of Shas chairman Arye Deri, said “we will not honor the law, it is preferably that the law for abolishing marriage registration districts be cancelled.”

The chief rabbinate issued a statement saying that the Council of the Chief Rabbinate would establish a committee to examine the implementation of the law, which will present its opinion to the chief rabbis.

“Until the recommendations have been submitted and the chief rabbis have given their authorization, couples will still need to present a certificate of single marital status and confirmation of Jewish status from the local rabbinate where they live,” the chief rabbinate stated.




CONVERSION/non-HALACHIC JEWS

[Haim Amsalem] was heavily critical of Bayit Yehudi’s stance on a bill proposed by Hatnua MK Elazar Stern for reforming the conversion process, and said he had decided not to join the party because of this issue.

“During my last contact with Bayit Yehudi some three weeks ago, it became clear to me that they have taken the hard-line national- religious and even Haredi position on the issue of conversion, which is something I cannot come to terms with,” Amsalem said.

He said that the most central concern of his at present was the prevention of assimilation and the adoption of a more accessible and reasonable conversion process.

“If Bayit Yehudi is going in the other direction, if there is no chance to solve this problem with them, then there is nothing for me with them [and] joining such a party would be a waste of my time,” he said.

By Rabbi Eliezer Melamed


JEWISH AND DEMOCRATIC STATE



AGUNOT/MARRIAGE

May I humbly suggest we all place that empty chair at our seder table; let us raise the awareness that not only were we slaves thousands of years ago, but till this very day, there are Jews who are not freed from the chains of a broken marriage.



What is the current state of agunah activism? How can communities support agunot and the organizations that advocate for them? What are the different tactics used in Israel and America? This session will explore the current advocacy strategies employed by agunah organizations, as well as strategies to prevent iggun from happening to you or your family members.

Dr. Rachel Levmore and Rabbi Jeremy Stern. Presided by Beverly Siegel.



KOTEL/WESTERN WALL/WOMEN OF THE WALL
AUDIO: The WOW Factor: Women of the Wall

Recording from 2013 JOFA International Conference panel December 7-8, 2013 John Jay College, NYC
Speakers: Rahel Jaskow, Cheryl Birkner Mack, Rabbi Jacqueline Koch Ellenson
Moderator: Rabbi David Kalb

"How women choose to pray at the Kotel has incited controversy and clashes, making its way to the highest courts in Israel. What is really going on with the Women of the Wall and how does it affect Jews and feminists in the Diaspora?

Get the latest updates from activists and members of Women of the Wall. This panel will explore the monthly reality on the ground, the potential solutions for the Kotel plaza and the implications of these events for the Jewish and feminist communities in the Diaspora."




Anat Hoffman, IRAC/Chair of Women of the Wall, speaks about her Bat Mitzvah, her family and her journey as leader of WOW. (Forward to 26:44 mark)



First, I come to stand in solidarity and support of the Women of the Wall. I believe in the cause: women praying together at the Kotel according to their custom.

Second, because this is who I am. It’s one thing to believe in principles, ideas, ideals. It’s another thing to act on them.

Third, I do this in memory of my wife, who would want me to be here. Every month, in some way, I remember her.


NON-ORTHODOX JUDAISM


ALIYAH/ISRAEL-DIASPORA RELATIONS










EDUCATION/CORE CURRICULUM


RELIGION AND STATE



BEIT SHEMESH “MODESTY” ATTACK






BURIAL/CREMATION/CHEVRAH KADISHA/ZAKA/ICHUD HATZOLAH/EULOGIES


CHRISTIAN COMMUNITY



HAREDI SOCIETY




Survey:
  • 30% employees reluctant to work alongside ultra-Orthodox men
  • 37% employers preferred not to hire ultra-Orthodox men
  • 27% of employers preferred not to hire ultra-Orthodox women with children




Haredi women, each from a different stream of the Haredi mosaic, graduated from a new program that provides them with opportunities to work in Israel.

The project, which trains Haredi women to work in their communities as early childhood counselors, originated at the National Council of Jewish Women’s Research Institute for Innovation in Education at Hebrew University and is supported by the Hadassah Foundation.


According to Kenanie-Bram, who educates Haredi women on how to start businesses, the problem is that women entrepreneurs are not getting the support they need to get started, let alone succeed.
“Our culture and legal framework need to change. Women need to be given breaks when it comes to taxes and regulations,” she argued.

http://blogs.forward.com/sisterhood-blog/


KASHRUT/RITUAL SLAUGHTER


IDF HAREDI DRAFT




RELIGION AND SOCIETY


This summer the Daniel Centers for Progressive Judaism, the leading Reform institution in the Tel Aviv-Jaffa area, is teaming up with BINA Center for Jewish Identity and Hebrew Culture, to bring to life current critical social issues facing Israeli society and matters of Judaism & social justice in a new two week seminar for Jewish Educators, Leaders, Rabbis and Rabbinical Students.





PASSOVER




HOLOCAUST


By Rabbi Reuven Hammer


By Yisrael Medad

By Michael Freund


Editor – Joel Katz
Religion and State in Israel is not affiliated with any organization or movement.
All rights reserved.

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